The joint mass of Tsavo West and Tsavo East is one of Kenya’s oldest and largest National Parks: covering approximately 40 percent of the total area of all Kenya’s National Parks. Tsavo East, the larger of the 2, lies to the east of the Nairobi – Mombasa road, equidistance between Nairobi and Mombasa. Its beautiful landscape and proximity to the coast make it a popular safari destination. It is accredited as one of the world's leading biodiversity strongholds, bushy grassland and open plains alternating with savannah and semi-arid acacia scrub and woodlands. Green swathes cross the park where the river banks give rise to lush vegetation. North of Galana is a true wilderness.
Tsavo-East is recommended for photographers with its fabulous light and unbelievable views, in particular the Mudanda Rock and the Yatta Plateau, the world's largest lava flow that covers 300 kilometers. Lugard Falls of the Galana River are remarkable for the shaped water-worn rocks. Game includes: elephant, rhino, lion, leopard, crocodile, waterbuck, kudu, gerenuk and zebra and Aruba Hunter's Hartebeest can be seen with its lyre-shaped horns. Home to some of the largest herds in Kenya, the elephants glow red after dust baths, blowing the vivid red dust through their trunks over their bodies.
500 birds' species are recorded including ostrich and some migratory kestrels and buzzards stop at Tsavo-East during their long flight south.
To the north is South Kitui National Reserve, an area of 1833sq. kms, opened in September 1979. It is particularly noted for primates.